Cannabinoids. This is a well-known word when referring to cannabis. Even if you’re a newbie to weed or CBD, you’ll definitely hear this term in any of your research or at your local dispensary. But what are cannabinoids?
Like David Attenborough, this is Planet Cannabis, an in-depth documentation on everything about these chemical compounds that make up the fundamental structure of marijuana and what they do within the cannabis plant.
What are Cannabinoids?
As stated above, they are chemical compounds found in cannabis and are native to the plant. How you get high, stoned, blazed, however you want to phrase it, is because of cannabinoids. Therapeutic effects or the psychoactive kind are the results of cannabinoids in the Cannabis Sativa plant.
Now, what you may not know is that our bodies actually produce endogenous cannabinoids (endocannabinoids), and they have a similarity to cannabis cannabinoids. How? So, that means we have weed compounds already in our bodies? (Not quite.)
They work similarly by signaling other cells, like cannabinoids do, to create mild feelings of euphoria, like a runner’s high or stimulating endorphins in the brain during various activities or situations. Endocannabinoids are also used to promote homeostasis (maintains a stable internal state of the body with body temperature, blood/water ratio, and natural chemicals) to help regulate our immune system and the internal state of health.
Let’s move onto the next segment of Planet Cannabis.
How Many Cannabinoids Are There?
There are over 100 cannabinoids in existence, but the 5 we’re focusing on in this blog are the ones that matter most when it comes to marijuana. Each one works differently yet in sync with one another to deliver the infamous effects of cannabis, but also with certain types that you’re probably not familiar with. Let’s take a look at the 5 types of cannabinoids we’re detailing out on this episode of Planet Cannabis:
- THC – stands for tetrahydrocannabinol. This is what gives cannabis products the psychoactive high that most consumers are looking for. It was the first cannabinoid to be isolated when research first began on this plant and is one of the most copious cannabinoids in cannabis strains.
Scientifically, THC works by binding the CB-1 receptors in the brain, which is how it delivers the mental euphoric elation, laughter, and couchlock feelings when smoked or consumed. Medicinally, THC has been found to help relieve pain, mood slumps, anxiety, insomnia, appetite issues, and further studies are ongoing for THC’s benefits for Parkinson’s Disease and epilepsy!
- CBD – stands for cannabidiol. If you want a non-psychoactive form of cannabis, then CBD is the right one for you. But don’t let the counterblock of THC (it binds to CB-2 receptors rather than CB-1) turn you away! CBD is your wellness game changer when it comes to reducing stress, anxiety and promoting the ultimate relaxation for better nights of sleep.
- CBG – stands for cannabigerol. It’s the mother of all cannabinoids, the precursors for THC and CBD (meaning it becomes these as well as itself once the flower is fully grown), and has the most potent anti-inflammatory properties out of any cannabinoid. It’s also a neuroprotector and buffers THC effects, just like CBD. CBG is very rare and only 1% can be extracted per hemp plant.
- CBC – stands for cannabichromene. This cannabinoid is known for healing properties, as well as neural ones for brain health. Since CBC doesn’t activate the endocannabinoid receptors in the brain, it’s best utilized with the “Entourage Effect” and taken with other cannabinoids for better potential.
- CBN – stands for cannabinol. While CBN is psychoactive, it’s nowhere near as powerful as THC. It’s derived from THCa (tetrahydrocannabinolic acid) and only created once THC has been exposed to oxygen. So, the older the marijuana flower or extracts are, the more CBN there is while THC content goes down. This cannabinoid has been effective for insomnia and arthritis.
Which Cannabinoid Matters Most?
In the nitty gritty of things, each cannabinoid works off the other. But when it comes down to what cannabinoids you should look for when you’re shopping for hemp-derived cannabis, then just ask yourself: To Be High or Not To Be High?
For the highest quality hemp flower, gummies, tinctures, carts, and more, be sure to check out our online shop! Every variety of hemp-derived products are ready and waiting, with free shipping over $100 and a free lighter with every order! Now that you know your cannabinoids, it’s time to test out the theory with the practical.
Till next time on Planet Cannabis!